Duolingo Italian: Basics 1.2

8 Oct

More of the same in this lesson. You learn a new verb (magia = eat), how to refer to people (lui = he, lei = she) and some connectors like sei = are. The progress is still nice slow and the sentence constructions are like what you expect in English.

Be careful with gender at this stage. Most of the multiple choice questions are trying to trick you up on this.

Mangia: This verb means eat. There are a lot of different

È: is or It is. With words like this, there is often an implicit understanding that there is an it somewhere, you only mention it when you want to emphasis it. A bit like with sono, you rarely say Io sono.

Lui: he

Lei: she. This is one of the few female related words that ends in i (normally used for masculine plural words). It might have something to do with the sound it makes (more like ay in this word, not like ee, in say ragazzi)

Tu: you (informal)

Sei: (are), as in you are. This is really the same as è but used when referring to some one else.

Summary

(These summaries include words that haven’t been covered yet, but I know it confuses me if I don’t see all the forms of the words to start of with, so I’m going to just list them here):

Verbs

Mangiare (eat)

Person Present Example (Italian) Example (English)
io mangio Mangio una mela I eat an apple
tu mangi Mangi una apple(informal) You eat an apple
Lei mangia Mangia una mela (formal) You eat an apple
lui/lei mangia Lei mangia una mela She eats an apple
noi mangiamo Mangiamo una mela We eat an apple
voi mangiate Mangiate una mela (informal) They eat an apple
Loro mangiano Mangiano una mela (formal) They eat an apple

Essere (you saw the singular last lesson, did lesson you saw the plural)

Person Present Example (Italian) Example (English)
io sono Sono una ragazza I am a girl
tu sei Sei una ragazza (informal) You are a girl
Lei sei Lei una ragazza (formal) You are a girl
lui/lei è Lei è una ragazza She is a girl
noi siamo Siamo le ragazze We are girls
voi siete Siete le ragazze (informal) They are girls
Loro sono Loro sono le ragazze (formal) They are girls

Note that Lei and Loro are the formal versions of you and they and should be captialised, note that sometimes  verb changes depending if you are using the form they (Loro sono) or informal they (Voi siete)

Pronouns

Lui (he)

Gender Plural Present Example (Italian) Example (English)
Masculine Singular Lui Lui è l’uomo He is a man
Feminine Singular Lei Lei è donna She is a woman
Either Plural Loro Loro sonno donne They are women

Tu (you)

Gender Plural Present Example (Italian) Example (English)
Either Singular Tu Tu sei l’uomo You are a man

Additional resources for this post:

About Italian: useful for checking what all the verb endings are

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