Archive | January, 2014

Duolingo Itallian: Food 1.3

15 Jan

More food, more meals and definitely more beer and bottles to drink it from. This food unit is really quite long, but not many words in each lesson. The main purpose of these lessons I think is to really get use to the sentence construction.

Food

Manzo: beef (masculine)

Burro: butter (masculine)

Torta: cake (feminine). Another work we see in English, but normally with the French spelling torte

Drinks

Birra: beer (feminine): very important! In fact a large chunk of this lesson seems to be knowing who drinks beer. Lei beve birra, Gli uomini bevono birra, Bevo birra….

Crockery

Ciotola: bowl (feminine)

Bottiglia: bottle (feminine): sure, not crockery in the traditional sense, but where else would you put it?

Meals

Colazione: Breakfast (feminine, might also be a plural)

Summary

Nouns

The breakfast (feminine)

Article noun plural English
La colarzione Singular The chocolate
le colazioni Plural The chocolates

The ciotola (feminine)

Article noun plural English
La ciotola Singular The bowl
Le ciotole Plural The bowls

The bottiglia (feminine)

Article noun plural English
La bottigilia Singular The biscuit
Le bottiglie Plural The biscuits

The butter (masculine)

Article noun plural English
Il burro Singular The butter
I burri Plural The butters

The beer (feminine)

Article noun plural English
La birra Singular The beer
Le birre Plural The beers

The cake (feminine)

Article noun plural English
La torta Singular The cake
Le torte Plural The cakes

The beef (masculine)

Article noun plural English
Il manzo Singular The beef
I manzi Plural The beefs

Duolingo Italian: Food 1.2

15 Jan

Food 2 is simply some more common foods and learning what the word for food is (cibo). For some reason some obviously phallic foods are denoted as feminine.

Food

Banana: Banana, simply enough (but oddly feminine)

Carota: Carrot (srtangely feminine as well)

Caramella: Candy/lolly (feminine, but at least this makes sense)

Frutta: fruit (feminine)

Fagiolo: bean (masculine, I suppose it depends on how long the bean is).

Cibo: food (masculine)

Crockery

Piatto: plate (singular masculine)

 

Summary

Nouns

The carrot (feminine)

Article noun plural English
La carota Singular The carrot
Le carote Plural The carrots

The candy (feminine)

Article noun plural English
La caramella Singular The lolly
Le caramelle Plural The lollies

The fruit (feminine)

Article noun plural English
La frutta Singular The fruit
Le frutte Plural The fruit

The food (masculine)

Article noun plural English
Il cibo Singular The food
I cibi Plural The food

The banana (feminine)

Article noun plural English
La banana Singular The banana
Le banane Plural The bananas

The bean (feminine)

Article noun plural English
Il fagiolo Singular The bean
I fagioli Plural The beans

The plate (masculine)

Article noun plural English
Il piatto Singular The plate
I piatti Plural The plates

 

Duolingo Italian: Food 1.1

14 Jan

Duolingo has redone their interface on both the website and mobile apps (well android, I have no ios devices). The biggest change on the mobile devices is that it is fast. Before you would submit an answer, it would think for a while and then tell you that you were correct (hopefully). Now it seems to do all the loading at the beginning so the classes go much more smoothly. I can’t tell you how much the web interface has changed: I never really used it. Although I really should: it gives you much more details and now there are bonus skills you can unlock with your lingots.

On todays lesson: food 1. In the food lessons you mostly learn the name of common foods and words related to food like cook, kitchen and cook.

Food

Cioccolato: chocolate (singular and masculine oddly enough)

Biscotto: biscuit (or cookie) (singular and masculine). Biscotti is a common enough word in English, which is actually the plural

Crema: cream (singular and feminine).

Gelato: icecream (singular and masculine). Another one that is common in English. I made the mistake of not translating the gelato to icecream as I’m so use to using it in English.

Milk

Latte: the milk (masculine)

Caffè: coffee (singular and masculine). Technically what in Australia we call a latte, is actually a caffè latte, or coffee milk

Crockery

Tazza: cup (singular feminine). This is a cup as in a tea cup or coffee cup. If you were feeling fancy you could say Il caffè nella tazza.

Prepositions

Al: at/to the. This is a bit of an odd one. In Italian when you have a phrase like “in the” (e.g. in il) or “at the”, you combine the two words to make one word. And then you have to be careful to get the gender and plurals all done properly as well. Al is one of them, it essentially means at the or to the (singular plural). In this context it is used when describing the flavour of something, e.g. crema al cioccolato is chocolate cream.

Summary

Nouns

The chocolate (masculine)

Article noun plural English
Il cioccolato Singular The chocolate
I coccolati Plural The chocolates

The cream (feminine)

Article noun plural English
La crema Singular The cream
Le creme Plural The creams (?)

The biscuit (masculine)

Article noun plural English
Il biscotto Singular The biscuit
I biscotti Plural The biscuits

The cup (feminine)

Article noun plural English
La tazza Singular The cup
Le tazze Plural The cups

The milk (masculine)

Article noun plural English
Il latte Singular The milk
I latti Plural The milks (?)

The icecream (masculine)

Article noun plural English
Il gelato Singular The gelato
I gelati Plural The gelati

The coffee (masculine)

Article noun plural English
Il caffè Singular The coffee
I caffè Plural The coffees

Prepositions

To the

Preposition noun Plural/Gender “Equivalent” Example Italian Example English
alle plural/feminine a + le Lui legge alle ragazze He writes to the girls
ai plural/masculine a + ie Lui legge ai ragazzi He writes to the boys
agli plural/masculine a + gli Lui legge agli uomini He writes to the men
all’ singular/feminine a + l’ Lui legge all’ acqua He writes to the water
allo singular/masculine a + lo Lui legge allo squalo He writes to the shark
al singular/masculine a + il Lui legge al ragazzo He writes to the boy
alla singular/feminine a + la Lui legge alla ragazza He writes to the girl

Resources:

I had to look up some of the plurals (the thought of a plural for milk to me is still odd, but then I’m happy to see coffees as being a plural. Maybe because a coffee is considered a discrete unit most of the time, where milk isn’t). I mostly used Zap Italian and Wiktionary.